The Serengeti covers 14,763 sq km, is flourishing with magnificent wildlife. It lies between the shores of Lake Victoria in the west, Lake Eyasi in the south, and the Great Rift Valley to the east. As such, it offers the most complex and least disturbed ecosystem on earth.
The park features endless rolling plains and is contiguous with Masai Mara National Park in Kenya. Serengeti is known as one of the best wildlife sanctuary in the world and an estimated 3 million large animals roam the plains. On it its vast, treeless plains are tens of thousands of hoofed animals, constantly on the move in search of fresh grassland. One of the Serengeti’s main attractions is the annual migration of wildebeest herds in search for better grazing. Every October and November, more than 1.5 millions of wildebeest and zebras travel from the northern hills to the southern plains for the tropical rains, and then journey west and north after the long rains in April to June.
Wildlife Attractions in Serengeti
A unique combination of diverse habitats enables it to support more than 30 species of large herbivores and nearly 500 species of birds. Its landscape, originally formed by volcanic activity, has been sculptured by the concerted action of wind, rain and sun. It now varies from open grass plains in the south, savanna with scattered acacia trees in the centre, hilly, wooded grassland in the north, to extensive woodland and black clay plains to the west. Small rivers, lakes and swamps are scattered throughout. In the south-east rise the great volcanic massifs and craters of the Ngorongoro Highlands. Each area has its own particular atmosphere and wildlife. Kopjes which provide habitats to different animals. The Serengeti boasts large herds of antelope including Patterson’s eland, zebra, gazelles, lion, leopard, cheetah, hyena, impala, and large herds of giraffes. Nearly 500 species of birds have been recorded in the park. The Serengeti is an opportunity for one of the best game viewing in Africa.
A General Guide to the Wildebeest Migration
December to March the wildebeest migration congregates around Ndutu, in the far south of the Serengeti. And April to May, the Wildebeest migration moves north into the plains of the central Serengeti. But between June and July the wildebeest migration splits in two; one group goes west into the Western Corridor before crossing the Grumeti River, the other heads directly to the north of the Serengeti passing near Klein’s Camp. August to October the herd has reformed, and meanders on the Kenya and Tanzania border, along the banks of the mighty Mara River, returning south from the beginning of November.
The unpredictable nature of the exact path and timing of wildebeest migration is due to the dependence on rain. The animals’ movement follow the path of the rain in order to feed off the new grass whilst also being close to a good water supply. Standing water may be found in different areas each year, may even be spread across different areas of the Serengeti. In the latter case, the herds may split and later regroup.
Activities in Serengeti National Park & Plains
Game drives, balloon safaris (upon request), walking safaris, cultural tourism (visit a Masai village), crocodile safaris are some of the most popular options.
Lodges, Luxury tented camps, special campsites and public campsites can accommodate nearly every budget.
We suggest allowing at least four days for a safari that includes Serengeti National Park. We will gladly customize an itinerary to cater to your budget and time allotment but here are samples of some of our most requested itineraries:
- 4 Days – Tarangire National Park, Serengeti National Park & Ngorongoro Conservation Area